Who Can Have A Stem Cell Transplant?
With the present improvements in supportive care medications and infrastructure a bone marrow transplant or stem cell transplant can be done for any patient. May people who may not have been able to have them in the past, including older people and those with other medical conditions can undergo a stem cell transplant in a controlled setting.
The main concern in a stem cell transplant be it autologous ( own stem cells being used ) or allogeneic ( donor stem cells being used ) is the immune system suppression associated with the process for a period of time. During that period, people are at a higher risk for many types of infections. The other common issues are side effects, including nausea, diarrhea, mouth sores, and fatigue.
Due to these potential complications, some people are not candidates for bone marrow transplants (stem cell transplants).