The direct cause of cancer is changes (or mutations) to the DNA in your cells. Genetic mutations can be inherited. They can also occur after birth as a result of environmental forces. Some of these forces include:
- Exposure to cancer-causing chemicals, called carcinogens
- Exposure to radiation
- Unprotected exposure to the sun
- Certain viruses, such as human papilloma virus (HPV)
- Lifestyle choices, such as type of diet and level of physical activity
Cancer risk tends to increase with age. Some existing health conditions that cause inflammation may also increase your risk of cancer. An example is ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Knowing the factors that contribute to cancer can help you live a lifestyle that decreases your cancer risks. According to experts, these are the seven best ways to prevent cancer:
One should stop consuming tobacco and avoid smoking secondhand smoke.
Keep a healthy weight and stay active by getting at least 30 minutes of physical activity every day.
Get vaccinated against viral infections that can lead to cancer, such as hepatitis B and HPV.
Don’t engage in risky behaviors. Practice safe sex and don’t share needles when using drugs or prescription medications. Only get tattoos at licensed parlors.
05. Food Habits
- Limit your intake of processed meats.
- Consider adopting a “Mediterranean diet” that focuses mainly on plant-based foods, lean proteins, and healthy fats.
- Avoid alcohol, or drink in moderation. Moderate drinking is defined as one drink a day for women of all ages and men older than 65, and up to two drinks a day for men 65 years of age and younger.
06. Protection from Sun
- Cover up with clothing, sunglasses, and a hat, and apply sunscreen frequently.
- Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. This is when the sun’s rays are at their strongest.
- Stay in the shade as much as possible when you’re outside.
- Avoid tanning beds and sunlight, which can damage your skin just as much as the sun.
07. Regular medical Checks
See your doctor regularly so they can screen you for various types of cancer. This increases your chances of catching any possible cancers as early as possible. The sooner we find about cancer the sooner we can treat the patient.